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Classification of Goods and Services

Chapter 27


Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes


1. This Chapter does not cover:

(a) separate chemically defined organic compounds other than pure methane and propane which are to be classified in heading 2711;

(b) medicaments of heading 3003 or 3004; or

(c) mixed unsaturated hydrocarbons of heading 3301, 3302 or 3805.

2. References in heading 2710 to "petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals" include not only petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals but also similar oils, as well as those consisting mainly of mixed unsaturated hydrocarbons, obtained by any process, provided that the weight of the non-aromatic constituents exceeds that of the aromatic constituents.

However, the references do not include liquid synthetic polyolefins of which less than 60% by volume distils at 3000C, after conversion to 1,013 millibars when a reduced-pressure distillation method is used (Chapter 39).

3. For the purposes of heading 2710, "waste oils" means waste containing mainly petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (as described in Note 2 to this Chapter), whether or not mixed with water. These include:

(a) such oils no longer fit for use as primary products (for example, used lubricating oils, used hydraulic oils and used transformer oils);

(b) sludge oils from the storage tanks of petroleum oils, mainly containing such oils and high concentration of additives (for example, chemicals) used in the manufacture of the primary products ; and

(c) such oils in the form of emulsions in water or mixtures with water, such as those resulting from oil spills, storage tank washings, or from the use of cutting oils for machining operations.


1. For the purposes of sub-heading 2701 11 "anthracite" means coal having a volatile matter limit (on a dry, mineral-matter-free basis) not exceeding 14%.

2. For the purposes of sub-heading 2701 12, "bituminous coal" means coal having a volatile matter limit (on a dry, mineral-matter-free basis) exceeding 14% and a calorific value limit (on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis) equal to or greater than 5,833 kcal/kg.

3. For the purposes of sub-headings 2707 10 00, 2707 20 00, 2707 30 00, 2707 40 00, the terms "benzol", "(benzene)", "toluol" (toluene), "xylol" (xylenes), and "naphthalene" apply to products which contain more than 50% by weight of benzene, toluene, xylene or naphthalene, respectively.

4. For the purposes of sub-heading 2710 12, "light oils and preparations" are those of which 90% or more by volume (including losses) distil at 2100C according to the ISO 3405 method (equivalent to the (ASTM D 86 method).

5. For the purposes of the sub-headings of heading 2710, the term “biodiesel” means mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids of a kind used as a fuel, derived from animal or vegetable fats and oils whether or not used.

Supplementary Note:

In this Chapter, reference to any standard of the Bureau of Indian Standards refers to the last published version of that standard.

Illustration : IS 1459 refers to IS 1459: 2018 and not to IS 1459: 1974.